By David Howe, Marion Brandon, Diana Hinings, Gillian Schofield
This article deals a finished account of ways social developmental views and attachment thought can remove darkness from perform within the box of kid safety and relations help. Drawing widely all through on case research fabric, the textual content strikes from an advent to the most important theories to an in depth define of the most equipment and methods. It deals a delicately constructed and systematically verified perform and review version for pros during this region and will be a priceless source for college kids and execs alike.
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Extra info for Attachment Theory, Child Maltreatment and Family Support
Self (low value, ineffective and dependent) + other people (neglecting, insensitive, unpredictable and unreliable) = ambivalent attachment patterns. 4. Self (confused and bad) + other people (frightening and unavailable) = disorganised attachment patterns. After the age of about 3 years, attachment evolves into a goalcorrected partnership. Ideally, children need to balance and integrate flexibly their own attachment needs with the plans and wants of their caregivers. There is an inbuilt developmental tension between parents and their toddlers: ‘The toddler endeavours to explore, learn, and individuate; the parent strives to protect and socialize’ (Lieberman 1992: 562).
It is not being suggested that secure individuals find life trouble free. Instead, their security is a measure of how they respond to life’s ups and downs. To the extent that they can positively draw on a range of personal and social resources to cope with stress, individuals are able to retain an integrated view of both self and others. They can access and appraise the origin and character of their own and other people’s feelings in such as a way as to preserve their self-esteem and autonomy. Also, being personally insightful, emotionally literate and socially fluent, secure people are viewed positively by others.
However, change is possible at any time across the lifespan. New social experiences always have the capacity to alter someone’s representations and expectations of the worthiness of the self and the availability of others. A child’s parents might improve their caregiving behaviour. In adulthood, mental representations can be changed at the cognitive level by enjoying a new intimate relationship or benefiting from psychotherapy. In such relationships, the individual begins to develop the capacity to think about themselves and others, disconfirming old assumptions and seeing social life in a more flexible, balanced way.