By Penelope D. Johnson
During this examine of the way during which medieval nuns lived, Penelope Johnson demanding situations facile stereotypes of nuns residing passively lower than monastic rule, discovering as a substitute that jointly they have been empowered by means of their communal privileges and standing to imagine and act with no the various subordinate attitudes of secular girls. within the phrases of 1 abbess evaluating nuns with priests, they have been "different as to their intercourse yet equivalent of their monastic profession." Johnson researched greater than dozen nunneries in northern France from the 11th century in the course of the 13th century, balancing a qualitative analyzing of medieval monastic records with a quantitative research of a long thirteenth-century visitation checklist which permits an immense comparability of nuns and priests. a desirable examine the realm of medieval spirituality, this paintings enriches our figuring out of women's position in premodern Europe and in church historical past.
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Extra info for Equal in Monastic Profession: Religious Women in Medieval France (Women in Culture and Society)
What motivated her to enter Clairets lies outside the charters; we do not know why she became a nun, but we can see that she acted independently, apparently without coercion of family pressure or financial need. 73 Canon law required that both spouses agree to abandon the marriage 70. Skinner, "Benedictine Life for Women," p. 89, describes women who pressured families into establishing nunneries. -F. Leroux, 1860), pp. 5-11, describes a group of women who spontaneously founded their own nunnery.
79, no. 76, 1262. 26. Cartulaire de 1'abbaye de Basse-Fontaine, ed. Charles LaloIe, vol. 3, Collection des principaux cartulaires de diocese de Troyes (Paris: Thorin, 1878), p. 19, no. 14, 1166. 27. Cartulaire de l'abbaye cardinale de la Trinite de Vend6me, ed. Charles Metais, 5 vols. (Paris: A. Picard, 1893-1904), 1:90-91, no. 352, 1094. See, for instance, Documents sur 1'abbaye de Notre-Dame-aux-Nonnains de Troyes, ed. , 11(1874): 125-29, no. 200, 1269. 28. Caroline Walker Bynum, Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982), pp.
71. Abbaye royale de Notre-Dame des Clairets: Histoire et cartulaire par Ie vicornte de Souance 1201-1790; ed. -J. Guillier de Souance (Vannes: Lafolye, 1894), pp. 89-90, no. 18, 1221. 72. Paris, BN, MS. lat. 9220, fo1. 76. 73. Cartulaire de Notre-Dame de Saintes, pp. 149-51, no. 229, 1065, records a couple who decide that she will become a nun at Saintes and he a monk at Maillezais. Cartulaire de Saint-Georges de Rennes, 9:269, no. 41, ca. 1068, records another example. 32 CONNECTING LINKS vow when one or both desired a life of celibacy, but in practice this may not have' always been rigorously observed.