An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea: by Marvin A. Lewis

By Marvin A. Lewis

Spain’s basically former colony in sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea is domestic to a literature of transition—songs of freedom within which authors consider their identification in the context of modern colonialism and dictatorship.

            An advent to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea is the 1st book-length serious learn of this literature, a multigenre research encompassing fifty years of poetry, drama, essays, and prose fiction. either resident and exiled authors supply insights into the influence of colonialism and dictatorship less than Spanish rule and examine the end result of “independence” below the regimes of Francisco Macías Nguema and Teodoro Obiang Nguema. studying those works from the point of view of postcolonial thought, Marvin A. Lewis exhibits how writings from Equatorial Guinea depict the conflict of conventional and ecu cultures and mirror a dictatorship that produced poverty, distress, and oppression. He assesses with specific care the influence of the Macías reafricanization strategy and its manifestations in literature.

In displaying how the perspectives of the kingdom correspond and diverge in works of writers equivalent to Maria Nsue Angue, Donato Ndongo-Bidyogo, and Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel, Lewis brings to mild artists who articulate their issues in Spanish yet are African of their souls. In interpreting the works of either well known and rising writers, he marks the topics that give a contribution to the formation of nationwide identification: Hispanic historical past, the parable of Bantu team spirit, “bonding in adversity” through the Nguema regime, and the Equatoguinean diaspora.

            Lewis offers an available creation to the paintings of important writers in a brand new quarter of literary research and contains the main exhaustive and updated bibliography to be had at the topic. His is a groundbreaking paintings that broadens our realizing of African literature and may be the bedrock for destiny stories of this Hispanic nook of Africa.

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Is it possible to synthesize, they wonder, on the surface at least, the European and the African as has been done to a degree in neighboring countries of the Bantu continuum like Nigeria and Cameroon, or Gabon? Or, does the leadership’s attempt to erase the contestation of Equatorial Guinea’s colonial roots and its isolation from the Spanish center as well as the separation of the different parts of the country place it in a unique situation that can yield only constant turmoil? 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 14 Chapter 1 Poetry In Search of an Authentic Voice In his evaluation of the evolution of the poetry of Equatorial Guinea, “La poesía en Guinea Ecuatorial” (Poetry in Equatorial Guinea), Antimo Esono declares: There is, really, a burgeoning poetic production in Equatorial Guinea that is beginning to develop.

Ceiba” refers to the sacred ancestral tree that some artists portray as being central to their cultural tradition. Raquel del Pozo Epita’s pseudonym (Ilombé) is taken from the heroic cycle of Ndowe storytelling and is also charged with symbolism. According to Jacint Creus, four characters are fundamental to this oral tradition: Ndjambu—head of the family; Ngwalezie—his good, fertile wife; Ngwakondi—his evil, sterile wife; and Ilombe—his dutiful daughter. In this frame of mind, Ilombe looks like an opposite person: daughter of Ndjambu and Ngwalezie, she displays the same characteristics that define her mother: kindess and naiveté.

Poeta soy que, al llegar la alborada, Busco expresar lo que siento. Voy susurrando al oído del destino las ansias de amor y fe que encierra mi corazón. Poeta soy, y en mi vibrante canción busco grabar en el cielo y en tu corazón el hambre de paz, amor y libertad que en mi alma anidan. Soy poeta que, en la tormenta y en la calma, apeando voy por mi selva: voy buscando aquel silencio perdido capaz de describirme el pasado y ayudarme a vivir el presente. Poeta soy, y busco en tu corazón y en las estrellas 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 38 38 / An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea el destello de paz y comprensión que nos ayude a programar el futuro.

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