By Frank J. Dye(auth.)
A newly revised variation of the traditional reference for the sector today?updated with new phrases, significant discoveries, major scientists, and illustrations
Developmental biology is the research of the mechanisms of improvement, differentiation, and development in animals and vegetation on the molecular, mobile, and genetic degrees. The self-discipline has received prominence partially because of new interdisciplinary ways and advances in expertise, that have resulted in the swift emergence of recent techniques and phrases. The Dictionary of Developmental Biology and Embryology, moment variation is the 1st finished reference occupied with the field's phrases, examine, historical past, and people.
This authoritative A-to-Z source covers classical morphological and cytological phrases besides these from sleek genetics and molecular biology. broadly cross-referenced, the Dictionary comprises definitions of phrases, motives of ideas, and biographies of ancient figures. Comparative features are defined so that it will offer a feeling of the evolution of constructions, and issues diversity from primary terminology, germ layers, and induction to RNAi, evo-devo, stem cellphone differentiation, and extra. Readers will locate such beneficial properties of embryology and developmental biology as:
Evolutionary developmental biology
Molecular developmental biology
The author's top class on accessibility permits readers in any respect degrees to augment their vocabulary of their box and comprehend terminology past their particular concentration. Researchers and scholars in developmental biology, phone biology, developmental genetics, and embryology will locate the dictionary to be an essential resource.
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Extra resources for Dictionary of Developmental Biology and Embryology, Second Edition
Anteriad toward the anterior. anterior group Hox genes Hox genes expressed in the anterior region of bilaterans and located toward the 3′ end of Hox clusters; include the Hox1 and Hox2 genes in vertebrates. anterior intestinal portal in the chick embryo, the opening from the midgut into the foregut (see Plate 2b in the color insert). anterior neuropore the temporary opening at the cephalic end of the early neural tube. In the chick embryo, the anterior neuropore is almost closed at 33 hours. In human development, an improperly closed anterior neuropore gives rise to the birth defect known as anencephaly (see Fig.
See: conditional speciﬁcation. autophilous self-pollinated. autopod the distal bones (carpels-ﬁngers/tarsals-toes) of the vertebrate limb, distal to the body wall. See: stylopod, zeugopod. autopoietic self-developing. See: developmental symbiosis. autoregulation the control of a gene by its own product. autoschizis self-cutting; a type of cell death exhibited by cancer cells treated with vitamin C and vitamin K3, during which the cells generate enzymes that work like scissors, snipping the cells to bits.
Atrium one of two kinds of chambers that make up the four-chambered heart. The atria pump blood through valves and into ventricles (see Fig. 20). attitude one of four descriptions of the fetus’ alignment in the uterus; attitude is the posture that the fetus assumes in the uterus near the end of pregnancy (see Fig. 3). See: lie, position, presentation. auditory nerves the eighth pair of cranial nerves. These nerves connect the inner ear with the brain and provide the sensory input for hearing and balance.