Africa Foreign Investor Survey 2005: Understanding the by United Nations

By United Nations

The Survey, the 3rd within the sequence, used to be carried out among may well and November 2005 in 15 sub-Saharan African nations. This 12 months the research develops distinct profiles of the differing kinds of international traders that function within the sector and appears on the adaptations in features among in addition to in the teams. The learn additionally investigates the influence that other kinds of international Direct funding have at the host economies. The functionality of traders is usually assessed to spot the short starting to be subgroups when it comes to revenues, investments and employment.

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Extra info for Africa Foreign Investor Survey 2005: Understanding the Contributions of Different Investor Categories to Development Implications for Targeting Strategies

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This is for a number of reasons. First, the survey is not intended to be representative of the FDI stock in the various countries as it excludes hydrocarbon and minerals extraction. The standard definition of FDI as a “long- 3 | An overview of foreign investment in the 15 countries term” relationship involving a “significant degree of influence” on the management of the enterprise encompasses a heterogeneous group of corporate actors, some with complex integrated production structures, others with little more than a sales outlet in a single foreign market, a problem that is hardly resolved by reducing the control threshold to a minimum 10 per cent equity claim.

Trends in FDI stocks and flows in the 15 countries The hydrocarbon and minerals sector heavily influences foreign direct investment stocks and flows into sub-Saharan Africa. 1 states such as Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and Angola (UNCTAD, 2005[a]). 8 per cent into the services sector. Since 2001, foreign investment activity has increased significantly in the metallurgical minerals sector, driven by sharply rising world market prices for metals such as copper, aluminum, steel and gold. While the composition of FDI flows to sub-Saharan Africa is substantially influenced by external demand for natural resources, there are unfortunately no FDI statistics that accurately record trends across the region disaggregated at the subsector level.

The overall observation from the balance of payments data is that, as a group, the East African countries grew their FDI more consistently and robustly than their West African counterparts (except Nigeria which is in a category of its own), and that the 15 survey countries as a group outperformed the rest of sub-Saharan countries. 6 presents a comparison of BOP FDI inflow statistics and the total initial investment figures from the UNIDO survey for the year 1985-2004. 7 gives the number of foreign investors identified in each country through the survey process, as well as the number of foreign affiliates and non-affiliated foreign investors that responded to the survey.

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