A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt

By Malyn Newitt

A heritage of Portuguese in a foreign country growth 1400-1668 offers an obtainable survey of ways the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in parts as far off as Asia, Africa and South the USA. Malyn Newitt examines how the guidelines and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to help enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a all over the world enterprise. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in a foreign country groups have been, surviving wars and common mess ups, and warding off assaults by means of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s. together with an in depth bibliography and word list, A historical past of Portuguese in a foreign country growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this attention-grabbing interval of ecu enlargement

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In 1444 Henrique, who had been made governor of the Algarve, organised a consortium in Lagos to send ships to West Africa, and sometime after 1445 he established a permanent trading post on the island of Arguim off the coast of modern Mauritania. Here the Portuguese were able to buy slaves and gold in exchange for wheat, salt, cloth and horses—commodities much in demand among the peoples of the Sahara and the Niger. 70 However, in spite of the contact The origins of Portuguese expansion to 1469 25 made with the desert gold traders, the principal interest in the voyages at this period remained the acquisition of slaves.

Ceuta had been successfully defended in 1419 and now one party, led by Henrique, began to demand further expansion in Morocco. Others reopened the debate about a possible attack on Granada with or without the help of Castile. However, a significant group, with whom the king was evidently in sympathy, opposed further military expeditions regarding them as expensive and profitless. Increasingly this faction looked to the Infante Pedro as its leader. During Dom João’s last years Henrique appears to have been much concerned with the Canary Islands.

As his sons grew older, João sought to enlist their support for the dynasty by granting them lordships, offices and jurisdictions which made them the most powerful seigneurial figures in the land. The state of war with Castile continued till the Treaty of Ayllón in 1411, requiring constant vigilance on the frontiers, tying up the energies of the nobility and diverting attention from internal politics. By 1411, however, the young princes were reaching manhood and political and economic ambitions among the higher nobility were increasingly focused on the younger generation of the royal family.

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