By Linda C. Sawyer
Polymer Microscopy, 3rd version, is a accomplished and useful consultant to the examine of the microstructure of polymers, and is the results of the authors' a long time of educational and business adventure. to handle the wishes of scholars and execs from various backgrounds, introductory chapters care for the fundamental ideas of either polymer morphology and processing and microscopy and imaging conception. The center of the publication is extra utilized, with many examples of specimen coaching and snapshot interpretation resulting in fabrics characterization. Microscopy is utilized to the characterization of a variety of polymer structures, together with fibers, motion pictures, engineering resins and plastics, composites, nanocomposites, polymer blends, emulsions and liquid crystalline polymers. mild microscopy, atomic strength microscopy, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy thoughts are all thought of, as are rising recommendations reminiscent of compositional mapping within which microscopy is mixed with spectroscopy. This greatly up-to-date and revised re-creation closes with an issue fixing advisor, which gives a scientific framework for picking out appropriate ways to the characterization of polymer microstructure.
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Polymer Microscopy, 3rd version, is a accomplished and sensible advisor to the examine of the microstructure of polymers, and is the results of the authors' a long time of educational and business event. to deal with the wishes of scholars and execs from various backgrounds, introductory chapters care for the elemental suggestions of either polymer morphology and processing and microscopy and imaging conception.
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Additional info for Polymer Microscopy
Tech. Conf. Society of Plastics Engineers, Boston. 2005, p 1920. 73. B. Wunderlich, Thermal Analysis of Polym eric Materials (Springe r, New York , 2005). 74. A. Turi, Ed . Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials, 2nd ed . (Aca demic Press, New York, 1996). 75. A Hemsle y, Th e Light Microscop y of Sy nthetic Polymers (Oxford University Press, Oxford , 1984). 76. A Hem sley, Ed . A pplied Polymer Light Microscop y , (Elsevier Applied Science ,London, New York , 1989). 23 77. AB. Myers, Ed.
Introduction to Polymer Morphology 35. A Harper, Ed. Handbook ofPlastics, Elastomers, and Composites, 4th ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, New York, 2002). 36. T. E. Weston, Eds. Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites (Kluwer Academic, Boston, 2004). 37. J. W. Beall, Eds. PolymerClay Nanocomposites (Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, 2001). 38. A. Utracki, Clay-Containing Polymeric Nanocomposites (Shrewsbury: Rapra Technology Ltd,2004). 39. RG. Griskey, Polymer Process Engineering (Chapman & Hall, New York, 1995).
2 Microscopy Techniques Microscopy is the study of the fine structure and morphology of objects with the use of a microscope. Resolution and contrast are key parameters in microscopy studies, which will be discussed further. The specimen and the preparation method also affect the actual information obtained as the contrast must permit structures to be distinguished. Optical bright field imaging of multiphase polymers, for instance, has the potential of resolving details less than 1 pm across; however, if the polymers are both transparent, they cannot be distinguish ed due to a lack of contrast.