By Andrew M. Colman
Together with greater than 11,000 definitions, this authoritative and up to date dictionary covers all branches of psychology. transparent, concise descriptions for every access supply huge insurance of key components together with cognition, sensation and conception, emotion and motivation, studying and talents, language, psychological ailment, and learn tools. the variety of entries extends to similar disciplines together with psychoanalysis, psychiatry, the neurosciences, and information. Entries are widely cross-referenced for ease of use, and canopy observe origins and derivations in addition to definitions. greater than a hundred illustrations supplement the text.
This fourth version has included plenty of major revisions and additions, many in keeping with the 2013 e-book of the yank Psychiatric Association's most modern version of Diagnostic and Statistical guide of psychological Disorders, bringing the Dictionary absolutely brand new with the newest literature of the subject.
In addition to the alphabetical entries, the dictionary additionally contains appendices overlaying over 800 popular abbreviations and logos, in addition to a listing of phobias and phobic stimuli, with definitions.
Comprehensive and obviously written, this dictionary is a useful paintings of reference for college kids, teachers, and the overall reader with an curiosity in psychology.
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Together with greater than 11,000 definitions, this authoritative and updated dictionary covers all branches of psychology. transparent, concise descriptions for every access provide broad assurance of key components together with cognition, sensation and belief, emotion and motivation, studying and abilities, language, psychological illness, and study tools.
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Additional info for Oxford Dictionary of Psychology, Colman, A.M.
Top 3 A decrease in a neuron's propensity to produce an action potential, the reduced responsiveness being caused by repeated stimulation. Top accommodate vb. accommodative adj. Compare assimilation (2). [From Latin accommodate to accommodate, from ad to + commodus fitting + -ation indicating a process or condition] Back - New Search accommodation reflex n. A reflex adjustment of the eyes for near vision that occurs in response to an object appearing suddenly in front of the face and that consists of pupillary constriction, ocular convergence, and increased convexity of the lenses.
Top 4 A general term for any process whereby behaviour or subjective experience alters to fit in with a changed environment or circumstances or in response to social pressure. Often mistakenly written or pronounced as adaption. See also alloplastic, autoplastic. Top adaptive adj. [From Latin adaptare to adjust or to fit, from ad to + aptus fitting + -ion indicating an action, process, or state] Back - New Search adaptation level n. A hypothesized neutral position or region in a bipolar stimulus dimension, functioning as a reference point for subjective judgements, stimuli above the adaptation level being judged to have a particular attribute (such as large, heavy, or loud), stimuli below it being judged to have the opposite or complementary attribute (small, light, or soft), and stimuli in its vicinity being judged to be neutral with respect to the attribute.
Actualize vb. [From Latin actualis of or relating to acts, from actus an act + Greek -izein cause to become or to resemble] Back - New Search actual neurosis n. In psychoanalysis, a form of neurosis that does not have its origin in infantile conflicts but in the present, the symptoms resulting directly from the absence or inadequacy of sexual satisfaction and not appearing as symbolic forms of expression. Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), who introduced the concept in 1898 in an article on ‘Sexuality in the Aetiology of the Neuroses’ (Standard Edition, III, pp.