Read or Download Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science PDF
Best management information systems books
This booklet balances the optimistic results of outsourcing, that have made it a well-liked administration procedure with the adverse to supply a extra inclusive choice; it explores chance elements that experience no longer but been extensively linked to this approach. It specializes in the conceptual "what", "why", and "where" points of outsourcing in addition to the methodological "how" facets"
Product lifestyles cycle layout – producing sustainable product existence cycles explains the significance of a holistic long term making plans and administration method of achieving a greatest product gain over the total existence cycle. The paradigm of pondering in product lifestyles cycles helps brands in shaping winning items.
- Data Analysis in the Cloud : Models, Techniques and Applications
- Architectural Issues of Web-Enabled Electronic Business
- Handbook of Research on Methods and Techniques for Studying Virtual Communities: Paradigms and Phenomena, Volume 1
- Handbook on Architectures of Information Systems
- Knowledge Management Tools (Resources for the Knowledge-Based Economy)
- FISMA and the Risk Management Framework: The New Practice of Federal Cyber Security
Extra info for Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science
As shown in chapter two, human knowledge and problem solving process do not fit this model. Firstly, people organize their knowledge in a separate entity (our brain) and access it to reason out specific problems. And secondly, the human problem solving process involves at least three types of knowledge: domain knowledge, heuristics, and problem solving strategy, organized on two or three levels, depending on the existence and use of meta knowledge or not. XPS follow this human model. They collect their "pieces" of knowledge in a separate entity, called knowledge base (KB), which is manipulated by a separate clearly identifiable reasoning component.
By diagnosing XPS weaknesses and deficiencies, the knowledge engineer can begin acquiring new knowledge, modeling it once again, and reevaluating the system. This leads to an incremental, evolutionary development with performance that first is typically away from human levels and then generally comes near to, and sometimes exceeds them. 4. It might be important to point out here one of the most significant aspects in this developing context. Knowledge engineers extract knowledge from experts and integrate it into an XPS.
For this reason, it is quite difficult to make changes in such KB as well as to localize desired information. Here, it should be clear that the above construct is closely linked with the operation of retrieving intentional knowledge from the KB. Nevertheless, this activity is not provided by KR schemes supporting rules but by the inference engine. Only in the last few years, did KR researches begin to realize that KB should not be seen simply as a passive repository of knowledge. , inference) became part of the operations provided by some KR schemes.