Education, Values and Ethics in International Heritage: by Jeanette Atkinson

By Jeanette Atkinson

The altering and evolving dating among museums and groups, Indigenous, ethnic and marginalized, has been a prime aspect of debate within the historical past quarter lately. Questions of professional and unofficial history, whose artefacts to gather and convey and why, have proficient and stimulated museum perform. constructing from this, a key factor is whether or not it truly is attainable to elevate understanding of differing cultural views, values and ideology and comprise this into the schooling and coaching of background execs, with the purpose of constructing 'cultural information' an built-in and sustainable center a part of destiny background education and perform. This publication discusses perceptions of values and ethics, authenticity and importance, and records the old, background and schooling context in North the United States, Scandinavia and the uk, with a selected emphasis on Aotearoa New Zealand. the writer explores if it is attainable to benefit admire for differing cultural views during the venture of academic programmes, identifies numerous techniques which can supplement the improvement of scholars and execs within the cultural historical past and maintenance sectors, and gives a method of actively attractive with cultural values via a Taxonomy for Respecting historical past and Values.

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This latter action led to wars over land between Māori and Europeans in both the 1840s and 1860s, known as the New Zealand Wars (Cannadine 2001). From having possession of all the land pre-Europeanization, by 1891 Māori held only 17 per cent of the land in Aotearoa New Zealand and their numbers had also reduced from being 50 per cent of the population in 1860 to only 10 per cent in 1891 (King 2003). Some iwi suffered more than others did. If an iwi was believed to have harboured a fugitive, for example, then this could automatically lead to land confiscation.

The country has a long pre-colonial history under Māori settlement, but since European colonization Māori culture has faced severe acculturation, which has only slowly been changing since the mid to late 1960s. In the heritage sector, too, Eurocentric ideas of museum practice have dominated the curation and preservation of artefacts, regardless of their origins. This chapter explores the effects of this practice and how it is now developing to be more inclusive and aware of differing attitudes to cultural treasures.

Their similarities assist in assessing overarching principles, but it is in their differences that the nuances of values can be seen and it is this that demonstrates the possibilities and the difficulties of incorporating awareness of values into educational programmes for heritage professionals. This page has been left blank intentionally Chapter 1 Concepts of Engagement in Aotearoa New Zealand In establishing the context for the ideas and developments discussed in this book, this chapter introduces the research location – Aotearoa New Zealand.

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