By Philip L. Quinn
During this wide-ranging research, Quinn argues that human ethical autonomy is suitable with unqualified obedience to divine instructions. He formulates a number of models of the the most important assumptions of divine command ethics, protecting them opposed to a battery of objections usually expressed within the philosophical literature.
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Additional info for Divine Commands and Moral Requirements (Clarendon Library of Logic and Philosophy)
Thus, the metaphysical cum ontological component argues that objective values would be very strange creatures indeed, and since strange creatures require strange senses so as to be perceived, their known existence would require the imputation of a very odd faculty on our part. Hence, the epistemological component of the argument is tightly connected to the metaphysical part of the argument. Let us take a closer look at what, by Mackie’s lights, objective values would have to be and why this would make them so very odd.
Later I will argue that Dewey has in mind a complex of cognitive capacities when he speaks of imagination, only some of which include our ability to engage in mental modeling, and all of which are amenable to connectionist interpretation. In some cases, Dewey’s language anticipates radical connectionist, sub-symbolic, and dynamical systems theory approaches to situated action; in addition, some of the otherwise strange language that he uses when describing moral reasoning and character development can be viewed as an anticipation of developments in the cognitive neuroscience of judgment and decision making.
An appropriately naturalized Aristotelian position, I will argue, can successfully dissipate both the ontological and epistemological queerness of objective values. A Brief Summary of Aristotelian Ethics In order to better answer Mackie’s arguments, I will first sketch the Aristotelian moral position. This will be admittedly much too brief, and it may border on being oversimplified to the point of being nonrepresentative (although hopefully not in the aspects that are directly related to the case for naturalization that I am making).