Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy (Second Edition) by Ann B. Butler, William Hodos

By Ann B. Butler, William Hodos

Comparative Vertebrate NeuroanatomyEvolution and AdaptationSecond EditionAnn B. Butler and William HodosThe moment version of this landmark textual content provides a wide survey of comparative vertebrate neuroanatomy on the introductory point, representing a special contribution to the sector of evolutionary neurobiology. it's been greatly revised and up-to-date, with considerably enhanced figures and diagrams which are used generously through the textual content. via research of the difference in mind constitution and serve as among significant teams of vertebrates, readers can achieve perception into the evolutionary historical past of the worried method. The textual content is split into 3 sections:* advent to evolution and edition, together with a survey of phone constitution, embryological improvement, and anatomical association of the relevant anxious procedure; phylogeny and variety of mind constructions; and an summary of varied theories of mind evolution* Systematic, finished survey of comparative neuroanatomy throughout all significant teams of vertebrates* assessment of vertebrate mind evolution, which integrates the total textual content, highlights range and customary subject matters, broadens point of view through a comparability with mind constitution and evolution of invertebrate brains, and considers contemporary information and theories of the evolutionary foundation of the mind within the earliest vertebrates, together with a lately proposed version of the starting place of the mind within the earliest vertebrates that has bought powerful help from newly came across fossil evidenceAmple fabric drawn from the newest examine has been built-in into the textual content and highlighted in precise characteristic packing containers, together with contemporary perspectives on homology, cranial nerve association and evolution, the quite huge and intricate brains of birds in correlation with their complicated cognitive talents, and the present debate on forebrain evolution throughout reptiles, birds, and mammals.Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy is geared to upper-level undergraduate and graduate scholars in neuroanatomy, yet a person attracted to the anatomy of the fearful process and the way it corresponds to the best way that animals functionality on the planet will locate this article interesting.

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In 1996, Scott Gilbert, John Opitz, and Rudolf Raff published a review of the new perspective that has emerged on the interplay between developmental biology and evolution. Views of homology (discussed below) and of evolutionary mechanisms are now being reevaluated, and the full biological continuum of genes-embryological development-adult phenotype is being reconciled with evolutionary mechanisms. The key to this new synthesis is the morphogenetic field. Gilbert et al. define morphogenetic fields as “discrete Evolution of the Vertebrate Central Nervous System Extant vertebrates currently comprise diverse groups, each with diverse and numerous species.

In addition, a nervous system offers the ability to store information about the consequences of a particular response to a particular environmental stimulus; this information can then have an impact on the course of future action when a similar stimulus next occurs. Because of the wide range of chemical and physical events that are of importance to animals, certain neuron or neuron-like cells became specialized for the detection of these stimuli, such as light, pressure, chemical, and temperature detectors.

Patel, N. , Raff, R. , Roth, V. , and Wray, G. A. (1997) Homology and developmental genes. Trends in Genetics, 13, 432–433. Ayala, F. J. (1988) Can “progress”be defined as a biological concept? In M. H. ), Evolutionary Progress. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 75–96. Bock, G. R. and Cardew, G. ) (1999) Homology, Novartis Foundation Symposium 222. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 189–203. Butler, A. B. and Saidel, W. M. (2000) Defining sameness: historical, biological, and generative homology.

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