Weiter Denken - Über Philosophie, Wissenschaft und Religion by Gregor Betz, Dirk Koppelberg, David Löwenstein, Anna

By Gregor Betz, Dirk Koppelberg, David Löwenstein, Anna Wehofsits

Wer philosophiert, argumentiert. Der Band vereint Beitrage zur Argumentationstheorie, Erkenntnistheorie, Wissenschaftstheorie, Existenzphilosophie, Religionsphilosophie und Metaphilosophie. Er zeigt auf, dass auch theoretische Fragen von lebenspraktischer Bedeutung sind.

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Damascius' Problems and Solutions Concerning First by Sara Ahbel-Rappe

By Sara Ahbel-Rappe

Damascius was once head of the Neoplatonist academy in Athens while the Emperor Justinian close its doorways endlessly in 529. His paintings, Problems and ideas pertaining to First Principles, is the final surviving self sufficient philosophical treatise from the overdue Academy. Its survey of Neoplatonist metaphysics, dialogue of transcendence, and compendium of past due old theologies, make it distinctive between all extant works of past due vintage philosophy. It hasn't ever sooner than been translated into English.

The difficulties and Solutions shows a thorough?going critique of Proclean metaphysics, beginning with the primary that every one that exists proceeds from a unmarried reason, continuing to critique the Proclean triadic view of procession and throwback, and seriously undermining the prestige of highbrow reversion in developing being because the intelligible item. Damascius investigates the inner contradictions lurking in the idea of descent as a complete, exhibiting that similarity of reason and influence is vitiated when it comes to processions the place one order (e.g. mind) supplies upward thrust to a completely diversified order (e.g. soul).

Neoplatonism as a speculative metaphysics posits the single because the unique or extopic explanans for plurality, conceived as speedy, current at hand, and consequently requiring rationalization. Damascius shifts the viewpoint of his metaphysics: he struggles to create a metaphysical discourse that comprises, insofar as language is enough, the last word precept of fact. in any case, how coherent is a metaphysical process that bases itself at the Ineffable as a primary precept? rather than developing an target ontology, Damascius writes ever conscious of the restrictions of dialectic, and of the pitfalls and snares inherent within the very constitution of metaphysical discourse.

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Are Capitalism, Objectivism, And Libertarianism Religions? by Albert Ellis

By Albert Ellis

I hugely suggest this as a such a lot enlightening and wonderful publication. My basically court cases are that the modifying might have been greater, and Dr. Ellis perhaps must have positioned his definition of faith in bankruptcy 1 rather than 6. yet his observations verify what i've got saw in studying Rands' works and hearing pals and others who're Objectivists.

Dr. Ellis brilliantly exhibits that Objectivism "is a simple non secular process, within the classical use of this time period, related to the type of ideals, practices, and moral values that at the least indicate (even in the event that they openly deny) a divine or superhuman energy within the universe and that fairly contain a religion unfounded on truth. I contend that any dogmatic, fanatical, absolutist, anti-empirical, people-condemning creed is spiritual simply because there is not any authentic facts on which it's dependent, and its adherents, in zealously sticking to it, strongly kingdom or suggest that a few larger strength or order of the universe calls for that their perspectives are right--and that every one critical dissenters to their perspectives are all the time wrong...

"Most capitalists also are incorporated right here as non secular in nature in that they're precise believers within the 'invisible hand' of the marketplace, a truly spiritual idea, to resolve all the world's difficulties if the realm will simply set the entire markets free!"

Criticisms that Dr. Ellis had indirectly insulted Ayn Rand via this booklet or handled her perspectives unfairly are thoroughly off-base. actually, he is going out of his option to provide credits the place credits is due. yet for a self-proclaimed rational individual, Ayn Rand created a philosophy that features a good deal of irrationality and unsupported dogma that should be uncovered. the nice hypersensitive reaction of Rand and her fans to the least bit of feedback reminds one in all different fanatical religionists who get disillusioned whilst their sacred cows are criticized. Says Ellis in bankruptcy 14:

"If Rand relatively felt insulted through my bearing on her novel heroes as 'utterly very unlikely people' then she is certainly effortless to insult -- and will use a number of periods of rational emotive habit therapy!"

I myself am an atheist, yet I take the lifelike view that this doesn't immediately make me immune from irrationality. The utopian Objectivist excellent of whole rational considering a hundred% of the time is irrational since it is most unlikely. humans are either rational and emotional and in addition fallible. To create or persist with a rational philosophy much more than part the time, takes loads of self-control, self-reflection and humility. ironically, with a view to make rational judgements a great deal of the time, it calls for that one be humble adequate to just accept the truth of one's very human tendency towards irrationality to be able to be vigilant opposed to it. with out that, you condemn humans for the specks of their eyes yet fail to take the log off of yours and may even prove like Ayn Rand: depressed, smoking cigarettes and donning a gold, dollar-sign broach.

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Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's by Edward J. Larson

By Edward J. Larson

In the summertime of 1925, the sleepy hamlet of Dayton, Tennessee, turned the surroundings for one of many twentieth century’s so much contentious dramas: the Scopes trial that pit William Jennings Bryan and the anti-Darwinists opposed to a instructor named John Scopes right into a well-known debate over technology, faith, and their position in public schooling That trial marked the beginning of a conflict that maintains to this day-in Dover, Pennsylvania, Kansas, Cobb County, Georgia, and plenty of different towns and states in the course of the kingdom. Edward Larson’s vintage, summer season for the Gods, acquired the Pulitzer Prize in background in 1998 and is the only so much authoritative account of a pivotal occasion whose warring parties stay at odds in class districts and courtrooms. For this version, Larson has extra a brand new preface that assesses the kingdom of the conflict among creationism and evolution, and issues tips to the way it could possibly be resolved.

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Die Anhänge zum Richterbuch: Eine kompositionsgeschichtliche by Sarah Schulz

By Sarah Schulz

Die sogenannten Anhänge zum Richterbuch (Ri 17–21) haben bislang wenig exegetische Beachtung erfahren. Die Studie wirft auf der Grundlage detaillierter redaktionsgeschichtlicher Untersuchungen ein neues Licht auf die Entstehung dieser Kapitel, ihre Verortung im Richterbuch und ihre kompositionsgeschichtliche Funktion im Enneateuch.

There has been little prior exegetical exam of the so-called appendices to the booklet of Judges (Judg. 17–21). utilizing a meticulous variation historic technique, the learn casts new mild at the composition of those chapters and at the publication of Judges as a whole.

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Living Without Domination: The Possibility of an Anarchist by Samuel Clark

By Samuel Clark

"Living with out Domination" defends the daring declare that people can organise themselves to stay peacefully and prosperously jointly in an anarchist utopia. Clark refutes error approximately what anarchism is, approximately utopianism, and approximately human sociability and its historical past. He then develops an research of normal human social task which locations anarchy within the actual panorama of sociability, besides extra general percentages together with states and slavery. The publication is specified in bringing the rigour of analytic political philosophy to anarchism, that's all too frequently pushed aside out of hand or skated over in well known background.

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The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism by Franz Cumont, Grant Showerman

By Franz Cumont, Grant Showerman

This selection of literature makes an attempt to collect some of the vintage works that experience stood the try of time and provide them at a discounted, cheap cost, in an enticing quantity in order that all people can get pleasure from them.

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Jesus: God, Man or Myth?: An Examination of the Evidence by Herbert Cutner

By Herbert Cutner

In 1950, mythicist Herbert Cutner released his first-class paintings, "Jesus: God, guy or Myth?," which not just explores the legendary nature of Jesus Christ but additionally presents an extraordinary and much-needed summarization of the talk among mythicists and historicizers during the last few centuries. opposite to renowned trust, the concept that Jesus Christ is a legendary personality isn't really new: in reality, the wondering and doubting of the gospel story began before everything of the Christian period and has been endured by way of millions, if no longer thousands, considering the fact that then. The historicization and carnalization of the Christ personality used to be fought by way of the Docetic Gnostics, and the disbelief was once addressed by way of early orthodox Christians besides, together with the writers of the canonical epistles of John. certainly, 1 John four condemns as "antichrists" these "spirits" who don't confess that "Jesus Christ has are available in the flesh," as does 2 John 7. Many, says 2 John, have contested the historicity of Jesus Christ, even by way of his day.

The writings of early Christians additionally confirm that Christ used to be perceived through the Pagans as a customary sunlight god, an idea that got here to fruition within the works of French pupil Charles Dupuis on the finish of the 18th century, while he wrote his multivolume "Origine de tous les cultes." Dupuis was once via count number Volney, one other terrific French mythicist, and the floodgates opened, with the German institution of biblical feedback kicking into complete equipment, the Dutch throwing their hats into the sector, and the British creating a great impression that's most likely liable for the tremendous low fee of church

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Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality by James M. Nelson Ph.D. (auth.), James M. Nelson Ph.D. (eds.)

By James M. Nelson Ph.D. (auth.), James M. Nelson Ph.D. (eds.)

The earlier century has noticeable the connection among psychology and faith growth from cautious antagonists to unusual bedfellows to complementary worldviews. Psychology, faith, and Spirituality is designed as a textual content that displays this background whereas illuminating the powerful discussion that keeps to accompany it.

The stylish, obtainable insurance levels from early mental reviews of faith and responses from significant spiritual thinkers to positivist and constructivist philosophies; from Jung’s archetypes to neurobiological study into the non secular mind; from medical constructs of prayer, meditation, and mindfulness to collaborative interventions for psychological health and wellbeing. The book’s distinct teaching/learning presentation:

  • Discusses non-Western non secular traditions as well as Christianity.
  • Balances theoretical literature with empirical learn on every one topic.
  • Reviews modern study and debates in psychology and faith.
  • Examines developmental techniques to non secular and non secular growth.
  • Provides quite a few functional applications.
  • Includes assessment questions, routines, and different scholar materials.
  • Encourages readers to enhance their very own rules in this subject

These are useful views for graduate or undergraduate classes within the psychology of faith, and a wealthy source for graduate classes in psychology and counseling. additionally, Psychology, faith, and Spirituality makes an inviting textual content for seminary classes in religious and pastoral counseling.

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