Business Rule-Oriented Conceptual Modeling by Holger Herbst

By Holger Herbst

This booklet relies on a PhD dissertation which was once accredited by way of the school of legislation and Economics on the collage of Bern, Switzerland. the guidelines provided have been partly constructed in a learn undertaking based by way of the Swiss nationwide Sci­ ence origin in 1993 and 1994. This learn venture used to be fascinated about comparing the appliance of database triggers and energetic databases for the im­ plementation of industrial principles. We well-known between different issues the inability of a technique for modeling such enterprise ideas at the conceptual point. accordingly, this turned the focal point of the follow-up learn which ended in this ebook. All this paintings shouldn't have been attainable with no the aid of a number of humans. to begin with, i want to offer certain because of my thesis manager Prof. Dr. Gerhard Knolmayer. He not just initiated the learn undertaking and located an in­ dustry accomplice, but in addition supplied very beneficial rules, and significantly reviewed and mentioned the ensuing guides. additionally, i want to precise my because of the second one thesis manager Prof. Dr. Sham Navathe from Georgia In­ stitute of know-how who stimulated my paintings with effects from a former re­ seek venture and who agreed to guage the ensuing PhD Dissertation.

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G. g. task dependencies, time restrictions, execution responsibilities, and exception handling. 4. g. the standardization of terms, forms, and abbreviations used in the organization. 56 57 58 Cf. Bennis (1959). Cf. George (1972), pp. 4. Cf. George (1972), p. 12. 59 Schmidt (1989), pp. 336. 60 cr. g. Schmidt (1989), p. 337. 2. Rules in Organizations and Information Systems - 23- In the following, the discussion focuses on business rules encompassing knowledge on organizational dynamics; rules determining the organizational structure are not further considered.

2 - 37- Deductive Database Management Systems Deductive DBMS have emerged from the relationship between the relational data model and logic programming97. g. derived data. First work in this area already appeared in 1978 at the conference on Logic and Databases98• A definition widely used today defines deductive databases as "a database in which new facts may be derived from facts that were explicitly introduced. "99 From this definition the link between DBMS and AI (especially expert systems) becomes obvious.

82. 83 A software engineering approach for rule-based expert systems is described in lacoblFroscher (1990). 78 2. Rules in Organizations and Infonnation Systems - 33 - ence between business rules and rules in expert systems, the basic structure of expert systems is sketched and a small example of expert system rules is given. An expert system consists of three main elements (cf. Figure 2-11 )84: • Knowledge base: The knowledge base contains rules and facts about a particular application or problem domain and is created by knowledge engineers.

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