By Tim Moreman
Osprey Command sequence #9
Field Marshal Bernard legislations Montgomery is the best-known and so much debatable British normal of worldwide struggle II, who maintains to impress powerful critiques at the present time. recognized for his hard criteria and prickly character, he however possessed a present for war, major 8th military to victory over Rommel in North Africa and masterminding Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy. Montgomery's vanity and shortage of social grace, even if, have been his maximum weaknesses, and he might usually try the persistence of alternative senior Allied officials. the following, Tim Moreman examines the lifestyles and occupation of this tremendous yet deeply improper guy, delivering insights into the brain of 1 of worldwide struggle II's such a lot enigmatic and compelling personalities.
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Additional resources for Bernard Montgomery: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and Battlefield Experiences of the Greatest Commanders of History
Rommel took command of 7. Panzer-Division in February 1940 at the age of 48, with Hitler's direct support, much to the surprise and resentment of many senior German officers. He brilliantly distinguished himself during the invasion of France in May 1940. Rommel led from the front and demonstrated a firm understanding of fast-moving armoured warfare, proving to be a daring, bold and flexible commander swift to take advantage of his opponents' mistakes. Under his command the so-called 'Ghost' division performed excellently and Joseph Goebbels ensured that the young, handsome and courageous Rommel was surrounded with a blaze of publicity.
The battle of Gazala in May 1942 proved his greatest success when he trounced a much larger British Commonwealth Army, occupied prepared defensive positions, seized Tobruk and then pursued his broken opponents to El Alamein in Egypt. It was a spectacular achievement and on 22 June Rommel was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. A further Axis advance into Egypt was halted in July 1942, however, by a heavily reinforced Eighth Army in fighting that eventually resulted in stalemate. The battle of Alam Haifa in August-September 1942 was the first encounter between Rommel and Montgomery, when the Axis resumed the offensive on the southern sector of the El Alamein position.
Indeed, Monty remained characteristically self-confident, optimistic and bullish. A combination of pride, hubris and a pathological unwillingness to admit weakness meant that Monty remained adamant that all was going to plan. The Anglo-Canadian Second Army launched Operation Goodwood on 18 July, with the intention of bringing the German armour massed near Caen to battle, securing the remaining part of the ruined town and advancing onto the Bourgebus Ridge beyond. It was the largest British offensive to date, involving three corps.