A Carib grammar and dictionary by Henk Courtz

By Henk Courtz

The Carib language, often referred to as Galibi or real Carib, is spoken via a few 7000 humans dwelling in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and Brazil. Henk Courtz's publication, initially a Leiden college Ph.D. dissertation, includes a unique description of Carib grammar and the main wide stock of Carib lexemes and affixes up to now. the fabric is of curiosity to students within the fields of linguistic typology, comparative Cariban linguistics, Carib dialects, and to somebody who's curious to grasp extra in regards to the Carib language of South-America. Please stopover at the publisher's web site (www.MagoriaBooks.com) for excerpts and errata.

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Word initially, an i following s may be left unpronounced in the eastern Surinamese dialect (cf. sikàsa ‘I make’ and sisekai ‘I tore’). In all cases, /s/ is written s in the orthography of this book. 11 The retroflex flap /r/ The /r/ is always written r, even when the perseverance of a preceding /i/ causes it to be pronounced as not much more than [d] or [j] (cf. iro ‘that’). 6). However, there seems to be a difference in pronunciation: a hiatus seems to be pronounced as a glottal stop, which is absent in the pronunciation of two vowels separated by a semivowel.

G. man, think, with, fine). g. ). g. ). e. it needs the presence of a free morpheme to phonologically and semantically attach to. g. ). g. ). g. -en in harden, -er in worker). g. ). A lexical unit is a unit without inflexional affixes consisting of one or more free morphemes and possibly one or more derivational affixes, representing a single part of speech. g. ).

E. monosyllabic postpositions and particles),83 a plosive coda phoneme may occur word initially. Examples: 80 The combination /jy/ is very rare. ’. 81 Hoff (1968, 52) interprets these Carib diphthongs as ‘diphthongal vowel phonemes’, thus adding six phonemes to the phoneme inventory. I prefer to interpret the diphthongs as cases of two free phonemes in a single syllable nucleus. g. ’. 83 Postpositions: /Qse/ ‘wanting’ and /Qwa/ ‘to, for’, and particles: /Qkare/ ‘of course (sarcastically)’, /Qko/ ‘poor, insignificant’, /Qkopore/ ‘more’, /Qkuru/ ‘as people say’, /Qmi/ ‘late, passed-away’, /Qnare/ ‘I wouldn’t know, you tell me’, /Qne/ ‘exactly’, and /Qsu/ ‘enormous’).

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